From Labor Unions to Right-wing Militias in Germany

The shifting politics of Germany’s disenfranchised lower working class in the Ruhr region.

“Besorgte Bürger Herne” militia patrol in Herne in 2019. Photo: Anti-Bo
“Division Herne” militia walking a patrol in Herne in 2019 without any visible police presence nearby. Photo: Anti-Bo
Steeler Jungs militia members posing for a photo in 2019. Photo: Anti-Bo
Herne Militia members in 2019. Photo: Anti-Ber
Members of the Steeler Jungs with skinhead neo-nazis from Dortmund in Essen-Steele. The back of the T-shirt reads “National Socialism Now!” Photo: Aarez Farhadi



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